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    ACT备考准备

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    ACT备考准备

    第一部分:考试介绍

    第二部分:考试和GAC课程的相关性

       学术部

    第一部分:考试介绍

    A考试题型

    ACT考试主要分为4个部分, 英语测试,(75题,45分钟), 数学测试(60题,60分钟),阅读测试(40题,35分钟),科学测试(40题,35分钟)。所有试题均为单项选择题。共计215道题,时限为175分钟。分数线是以1-36分来衡量每一部分的成绩,学生最后的成绩将是总分英语,数学,阅读和自然科学之和除以4平均分。

     

    B考试内容综述

     

    英语测试的内容包括:标点符号的运用, 基本语法,句子结构以及学生对英语文体的掌握。

    数学测试的内容包括:代数,几何,三角函数的运用。

    阅读测试的内容包括:散文,人文科学,社会科学以及自然科学方面的文章。

    科学测试的内容包括: 生物,地球科学,化学以及物理。

     

    C详细测试内容介绍

    Test 1 ACT English Test ACT英语考试

    The ACT English Test is a 75-question, 45-minute test that measures your understanding of the conventions of standard written English (punctuation, grammar and usage, and sentence structure) and of rhetorical skills (strategy, organization, and style). Spelling, vocabulary, and rote recall of rules of grammar are not tested. The test consists of five essays, or passages, each of which is accompanied by a sequence of multiple-choice test questions. Different passage types are employed to provide a variety of rhetorical situations. Passages are chosen not only for their appropriateness in assessing writing skills but also to reflect students’ interests and experiences.

    ACT英语考试共有75题, 考试时间为45分钟,考试内容包括标准书面英语(如标点,语法和用法,以及句子结构)和修饰技能(如文章的技巧,结构和形式)。拼写,词汇,以及死记硬背的语法规则是不包含在考试中的。该测试由5篇短文或段落组成,后面紧接着一系列的单项选择题。不同类型的段落用不同的修辞或描述情景。段落的选择不仅对评估学生写作技巧方面有所帮助,而且还充分考虑到学生的兴趣和生活经验等等。

    Some questions refer to underlined portions of the passage and offer several alternatives to the underlined portion. You must decide which choice is most appropriate in the context of the passage. Some questions ask about an underlined portion, a section of the passage, or the passage as a whole. You must decide which choice best answers the question posed. Many questions offer “NO CHANGE” to the passage as one of the choices. The questions are numbered consecutively. Each question number refers to a correspondingly numbered portion underlined in the passage or to a corresponding numeral in a box located at the appropriate point in the passage.

    有些问题源自于段落的下划线部分,并有多种跟下划线相关的答案可供选择。你必须决定哪个是最合适的选择。有些问题针对下划线部分,有些针对某个段落,有些是针对整篇文章。针对性提出问题的你必须决定哪个是最佳的答案。许多答案有没有改变这一种选项。所提出的问题是按照在文章中的先后顺序依次列出的。每个问题的序号对应文中段落下划线的序号,或者对应文中段落里在某个指定方框里的序号。

    Three scores are reported for the ACT English Test: a total test score based on all 75 questions, a sub score in Usage/Mechanics based on 40 questions, and a sub score in Rhetorical Skills based on 35 questions.

    ACT英语测试共反映出3项成绩:基于全部75个问题的总分数,基于40个问题检测用法或文章结构的技能分数,以及基于35个问题检测修辞技巧的技能分数。

     

    Content Covered by the ACT English Test ACT英语测试内容

    Six elements of effective writing are included in the English Test: punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence structure, strategy, organization, and style. The questions converting punctuation, grammar and usage, and sentence structure make up the Usage/Mechanics sub score. The questions covering strategy, organization, and style make up the Rhetorical Skills sub score. A brief description and the approximate percentage of the test devoted to each element of effective writing are given on the next page.

    英语测试包含了6个非常有效的写作要点:标点、语法和用法、句子结构、写作技巧、组织和格式。以标点符号、语法/用法、句子结构为考查内容的考题构成用法或文章结构的技能分数。以写作技巧、组织和格式为考查内容的问题构成修辞技巧的技能分数。对于ACT考试简要的描述及其各组成部分所占的百分比在下来有更进一步的阐述。

    USAGE/MECHANICS 用法/结构

    Punctuation (13%). Questions in this category test your knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-of-sentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of punctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity, indicating appositives).

    标点符号( 13 。这一类的问题考查学生标点符号在句中、句末的运用,并把测试重点放在标点符号和句子意思的关系上(例如避免歧义,表明同位关系)。

    Grammar and Usage (16%). Questions in this category test your understanding of agreement between subject and verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun case; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs; and idiomatic usage.

    语法和用法( 16 。这一类的问题主要考查学生对于以下关系的理解:主语与动词、代词与先行词、修饰词与被修饰词、不同动词形式的构成、代词用法、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的构成以及一些习惯用法。

    Sentence Structure (24%). Questions in this category test your understanding of relationships

    between and among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in construction.

    句子结构( 24 。这一类的问题考查学生对于从句、修饰词位置以及文章结构转换三者之间相互关系的理解。

    RHETORICAL SKILLS 修辞技巧

    Strategy (16%). Question in this category test how well you develop a given topic by choosing expressions appropriate to an essay’s audience and purpose; judging the effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting material; and judging the relevancy of statements in context.

    写作技巧( 16 。这一类问题考查学生如何更好地拓展一个特定的主题,方式主要有:为读者和文章的出发点选择适当的表达方式、对增删或修改辅助材料对文章的影响作出判断 以及为文章中相关陈述的相关性作出判断。

    Organization (15%). Questions in this category test how well your organize ideas and choose effective opening, transitional, and closing sentences.

    组织( 15 。这一类问题考查学生怎样有效的组织语言以及如何选择有效的开始、过渡以及结束的语句。

    Style (16%). Question in this category test how well you choose precise and appropriate words and images, maintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage sentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and avoid ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and redundancy.

    风格( 16 )。这一类问题考查学生如何选择精确、适当的文字和图像,如何保持文章风格和基调的一致,如何掌握修辞句有效性的要素,如何避免模棱两可的代词用法和冗余的词语。

    Test 2 ACT Mathematics Test ACT数学测试

    You may use a calculator on the Mathematics Test. See page 5 for details about permitted and prohibited calculators.

    在数学测试中,学生可以使用计算器。第5页中详细阐述了允许和禁止使用计算器的规则。

    The ACT Mathematics Test is a 60-question, 60-minute test designed to assess the mathematical skills students have typically acquired in courses taken up to the beginning of grade 12. The test presents multiple-choice questions that require you to use reasoning skills to solve practical problems in mathematics. Most questions are discrete, but on occasion some may belong to sets of several questions (e.g., several questions based on the same graph or chart). Knowledge of basic formulas and computational skills are assumed as background for the problems, but recall of complex formulas and extensive computation is not required. The material covered on the test emphasizes the major content areas that are prerequisites to successful performance in entry-level courses in college mathematics.

    ACT数学测试共60道题, 60分钟内完成,其目的是评估12年级学生在课程学习中所必须掌握的数学技能。测试为多项选择题,要求学生使用一些推理技巧来解决一些实际的数学问题。大多数问题都是分散或者相互独立的,但有时也可能是几个问题的组合(例如,基于同一图形或图表的几个问题)。掌握基本的知识,如基本公式和计算技能,是解决这些问题应有的基础,但是记住一些复杂的或高难度的公式和计算是没有必要的。考试所覆盖的内容均

    为大学高等数学入门级课程的主要内容,对这些内容的掌握同时也是学生在大学入门课程取得成功的先决条件。

    Four scores are reported for the ACT Mathematics Test: a total test score based on all 60 questions, a sub score in Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra based on 24 questions, a sub score in Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry based on 18 questions, and a sub score in Plane Geometry/Trigonometry based on 18 questions.

    ACT数学测试共包括4项成绩:基于全部60个问题的总分数,基于24个问题检测初等代数/初等数学的技能分数,基于18个问题检测中等代数/坐标几何的技能分数,以及基于18个问题检测平面几何/三角函数的技能分数。

    Content Covered by the ACT Mathematics Test ACT 数学测试所涵盖的内容

    Six content areas are included in the Mathematics Test; pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry. The questions covering pre-algebra and elementary algebra make up the Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra Sub score. The questions covering intermediate algebra and coordinate geometry make up the Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry sub score. The questions covering plane geometry and trigonometry make up the Plane Geometry/Trigonometry sub score. A brief description and the approximate percentage of the test devoted to each content area are given below.

    数学测试包括6方面的内容:基础初等代数、初等代数、中级代数、几何坐标、平面几何和三角函数。包含有基础初等代数和初等代数的考题构成了基础初等代数/初等代数的技能分数,涉及到中等代数和坐标几何的考题构成了中等代数/坐标几何的技能分数,而涵盖平面几何和三角函数的考题则构成了平面几何/三角函数的技能分数。以下为各部分所占的百分比及具体内容的描述。

    PRE-ALGEBRA/ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA 基础初等代数/初等代数

    Pre-algebra (23%). Questions in this content area are based on basic operations using whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers; place value; square roots and approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific notation; factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear equations in one variable; absolute value and ordering numbers by value; elementary counting techniques and simple probability; data collection, representation, and interpretation; and understanding simple descriptive statistics.

    基础初等代数( 23 。这方面的考试内容包括实数、小数、分数和整数的基本运算; o值; 平方根和近似值; 指数的概念; 科学记数法; ; 比率,比例以及百分比; 只有一个未知数的线性方程; 绝对值和数值的排列; 初级的计数技巧和简单的概率; 数据的收集、整理与说明; 并理解简单的描述性统计数据。

    Elementary Algebra (17%). Questions in this content area are based on properties of exponents and square roots, evaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution, using variables to express functional relationships, understanding algebraic operations, and the solution of quadratic equations by factoring.

    初等代数( 17 )这方面的考试内容包括指数和平方根,通过替代方法求出代数表达式,使用变量来表达方程的关系,代数运算的理解,并且通过同类项来解决二次方程式。

    INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA/COORDINATE GEOMETRY 中级代数/坐标几何

    Intermediate Algebra (15%). Questions in this content area are based on an understanding of the quadratic formula, rational and radical expressions, absolute value equations and inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling, matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers.

    中等代数( 15 )。这方面的考试内容包括理解二次公式,有理式及根式,绝对值方程和不等式,序列,方程组,二次不等式,函数,建模,矩阵,多项式的根以及复数。

    Coordinate Geometry (15%). Questions in this content are based on graphing and the relations between equations and graphs, including points, lines, polynomials, circles, and other curves; graphing inequalities; slope; parallel and perpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and conics.

    坐标几何( 15 )。这方面的考试内容是基于方程和图表之间的关系,包括点,线,多项式,圆形和其它的曲线图; 不相等图形; 斜率; 平行和垂直线; 距离;中点; 以及二次曲线。

    PLANE GEOMETRY/TRIGONOMETRY 平面几何/三角函数

    Plane Geometry (23%). Questions in this content area are based on the properties and relations of plane figures, including angles and relations among perpendicular and parallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapezoids; transformation; the concept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and applications of geometry to three dimensions.

    平面几何(23%)。这方面的考试内容是基于平面图形的性质及关系,365bet:包括角度,垂直线和平行线之间的关系; 圆,三角形,矩形,平行四边形和梯形的特性; 图形的转化; 几何证明的概念和证明的技巧; 体积以及几何在三维的应用。

    Trigonometry (7%). Questions in this content area are based on understanding trigonometric relations in right triangles; values and properties of trigonometric functions; graphing trigonometric functions; use of trigonometric identities; and solving trigonometric equations.

    三角函>(7%)。这方面的考试内容是基于理解在直角三角形中三角函数之间的关系; 三角函数的值及其性质; 三角函数图形; 三角函数的应用以及三角函数等式的应用。

    Test 3 ACT Reading Test ACT 阅读测试

    The ACT Reading Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that measures your reading comprehension. The test questions ask you to derive meaning from several tests by (1) referring to what is explicitly stated and (2) reasoning to determine implicit meanings. Specifically, questions will ask you to use referring and reasoning skills to determine main ideas; locate and interpret significant details; understand sequences of events; make comparisons; comprehend cause-effect relationships; determine the meaning of context-dependent words, phrases, and statements; draw generalizations; and analyze the author’s or narrator’ voice and method. The test comprises four prose passages that are representative of the level and kinds of text commonly encountered in first-year College curricula. Each passage is preceded by a heading that identifies what type of passage it is (for example, “Prose Fiction”), names the author, and may include a brief note that helps in understanding the passage. Each passage is accompanied by a set of multiple-choice test questions. These questions do not test the rote recall of facts from outside that passage, isolated vocabulary items, or rules of formal logic.

    ACT阅读是共40个问题,35分钟内完成,主要考查学生的阅读能力。试题要求学生通过以

    下几个方面推断出问题的内在含义(1)根据清楚阐述的句子(2)推理判断其隐含的意思。具体而言,问题要求学生能使用推理和判断的能力,以确定其主要思想; 找到并解释重要的细节; 了解事件发展的先后顺序; 进行比较; 理解因果关系; 决定与上下文相关词语和句子的意思; 进行大意概括和分析作者的立场和观点。测试包括四个具有代表性的散文式段落,这些段落均在学生第一年的大学课程中经常出现。每篇短文之前都有标题,标明短文的类型是什么(例如散文小说)、作者的姓名,并可能包括一个有助于读者理解文章的简短说明,每篇文章之后都有一系列的选择题。这些问题不会考查文章以外的具体事例,生僻词句或过于正式逻辑的规则。

    Three scores are reported for the ACT Reading TEST: a total test score based on all 40 questions, a sub score in Social Studies/Sciences reading skills (based on the 20 questions on the social studies and natural sciences passages), and a sub score in Arts/Literature reading skills (based on the 20 questions on the prose fiction and humanities passages).

    ACT阅读测试共包括3项成绩:基于全部40个问题的总分数,基于社会学/自然科学方面的20个问题的技能分数,用于考查社会学/自然科学阅读技巧,以及基于散文和人类学方面的20个问题的技能分数,用于考查艺术/文学阅读技巧。

     

    Content Covered by the ACT Reading Test ACT 阅读测试所包含的内容

    The Reading Test is based on four types of reading selections: the social studies, the natural sciences, prose fiction, and the humanities. A sub score in Social Studies/Sciences reading skills is based on the questions on the social studies and the natural sciences passages, and a sub score in Arts/Literature reading skills is based on the questions on the prose fiction and humanities passages. A brief description and the approximate percentage of the test devoted to each type of reading selection are given below.

    阅读测试是基于四个方面的内容类型:社会学,自然科学,散文小说和人文学。社会研究/社会科学阅读技巧的技能分数是基于社会研究和自然科学的相关篇章构成的,而艺术/文学类的技能分数是基于散文小说和人文的相关篇章文章构成的。各组成部分所占的百分比及其相关介绍如下所示。

    Social Studies (25%). Questions in this category are based on passages in the content areas of anthropology, archaeology, biography, business, economics, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology.

    社会科学(25%)。这一类型问题的内容是源于人类学,考古学,传记,商业,经济,教育,地理,历史,政治学,心理学和社会学等方面。

    Natural Sciences (25%). Questions in this category are based on passages in the content areas of anatomy, astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, ecology, geology, medicine, meteorology, microbiology, natural history, physiology, physics, technology, and zoology.

    自然科学(25%)。这一类问题的内容是源于解剖学,天文学,生物学,植物学,化学,生态学,地质学,医学,气象学,微生物学,自然历史学,生理学,物理学,技术学和动物学等方面。

    Prose Fiction (25%). Questions in this category are based on intact short stories or excerpts from short stories or novels.

    散文小说(25%)。这一类问题的内容是由完整的短篇小说或摘自短篇故事或小说相关篇章而构成的。

    Humanities (25%). Questions in this category are based on passages from memoirs and personal essays and in the content areas of architecture, art, dance, ethics, film, language, literary criticism, music, philosophy, radio, television, and theater.

    人文科学(25%) 。这一类问题是基于个人回忆录和散文的相关篇章,或在其它领域如建筑,艺术,舞蹈,伦理,电影,语言,文学批评,音乐,哲学,广播,电视,戏剧等方面的内容。

    Test 4 ACT Science Test ACT 科学测试

    ACT Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that measures the interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning, and problem-solving skills required in the natural science.

    ACT科学测试共40个问题,35分钟内完成,主要衡量学生是否具有解释,分析,评价,推理和解决自然科学问题的技能。

    The test presents seven sets of scientific information, each followed by a number of multiple-choice test questions. The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and other schematic forms), research summaries (descriptions of several related experiments), or conflicting viewpoints (expressions of several related hypotheses or views that are inconsistent with one another). The questions require you to recognize and understand the basic features of,  and concepts related to , the provided information; to examine critically the relationship between the information provided and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed; and to generalize from given information to gain new information, draw conclusions, or make predictions.

    测试共包含7个部分的科学方面的信息,每个部分都涉及到一些选择题。这些科学方面的信息均用以下三种不同形式中的其中一种表现出来:数据信息(图,表和其他分类形式),研究摘要(几个相关实验的描述),或具有争议的观点(几种相关假设的表述或两种截然不同观点的表达)。所有这些问题都需要学生去认识和理解其中的一些基本特征、相关的概念,以及所给出的信息,并认真的检查所提供的资料和所得出的结论或假设之间的关系,从而在给出的信息中获得新的信息,最后得出结论或作出预测。

    You are not permitted to use a calculator on the ACT Science Test.

    学生不允许在ACT科学测试中使用计算器。

    One score is reported for the ACT Science Test: a total test score based on all 40 questions.

    ACT阅读测试只给出1项成绩:基于全部40个问题的总分数.

    Content Covered by the ACT Science Test ACT 科学测试所包含的内容

    The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry, physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology.) Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required, but knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of scientific

    content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability. The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats.

    科学测试的内容包括生物学、化学、物理和地球/太空科学(例如地质学、天文学、气象学)在这些问题上学生不需要具备非常高深的知识,但是一些科学常识是必备的,回答这些问题需要上过基本的科学课程即可。该测试强调整体上要具有科学推理的技能以及数学技能或者阅读技能。科学信息有三种布同的表达形式。

    Data Representation (38%). This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with these format measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatter plots, and interpretation of information presented in tables.

    数据(38%)。以这种形式显示的图形和表格类似于在科学期刊和文本中所展示的一样。以这种形式出现的问题用来考查学生诸如图表阅读、解释散点图和信息图表的技能。

    Research Summaries (45%). This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus upon the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results.

    研究摘要(45%)。这种形式的题型提供一个或多个相关实验的描述。这些问题侧重于实验的设计以及对实验结果的解释。

    Conflicting Viewpoints (17%). This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus upon the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.

    有争议的观点(17%)。通过这种题型介绍一些假设或观点,根据不同的场景或不完整的数据来和另一种假设或观点做出区分。问题侧重于对不同观点或假设的理解、分析和比较。

    第二部分:考试和GAC课程的相关性

    ACT考试中英语部分的主要内容是语法和用法。实际上,GAC001 GAC007的教材,和ACT考试中的英语部分并没有直接相关联的地方。尽管GAC001 GAC007的教材的重点不是专门针对ACT备考,但是学生通过这两门课程的学习,势必会在听力和口语方面得到提高,因此,从本质上来讲,这将对学生在英语的使用和语法方面有所帮助。另外,英语和阅读虽然是两个测验,但是全部考的是学生的英语能力。GAC英语level 2 学完就可以参加考试。

     

    数学测试的内容主要是GAC数学的Level 1教材,并不涉及Level 2 Level 3 的知识点。

     

    科学测试中提及的很多问题不能简单的归类为科学,这是因为那些问题需要使用推理技巧和数学技巧来应对。实际上,ACT考试中的原题在GAC教材中基本没有完全相同的,而且ACT试题是试图让学生掌握推理性思维技能,从而来推理出答案的问题。此外,在科学的教材中,对学生有所帮助的词汇术语有所涉及,不过在GAC006的教材中,尚未发现对学生的ACT考试有直接性帮助的内容,然而GAC013确实对学生备考有所帮助。也就是说科学测试的内容并不和GAC科学Level 1, 2,3的教材相关,大多数GAC中的内容,ACT考试并没有涉及,但是GAC教材确实帮助学生奠定了一定的基础,尤其是在词汇方面,可以帮助学生备考ACT。总之,GAC教材本身并不足以帮助学生在ACT考试中获得高分。所以GAC科学的教材只能是用于备考ACT的辅助型词汇教材,知识点还是要通过ACT模拟试题来练习掌握。

     

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